In May 2014, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) swept to power and four years later it is not able to protect its seats in the by-elections. Its disenchanted allies have begun to desert the alliance. On the other hand, the opposition has been gaining in seats as well as strength. It may be noted that BJP strength in Lok Sabha has fallen from 282 to 273 just one seat more than the half way mark.
The show of opposition strength was displayed at the swearing in of H D Kumaraswamy as the Chief Minister of Karnataka. All the bigwigs of the Opposition such as Mamata Banerjee, Sitaram Yechuri, Mayawati, Akhilesh Yadav, Ajit Singh, one-time ally of BJP Chandrababu Naidu, D Raja and Tejaswi Yadav set aside their differences and set up the challenge to the BJP.
The election to the Karnataka Assembly was marred by BJP’s poor game plan to wrest power. It staked claim to form government by virtue of being the single largest party in the elections winning 104 seats whereas the Congress could not emulate its last assembly election results. The Congress could muster 78 seats and counting (results of two Assembly seats were yet to be declared). But, before BJP could stake claim to form the government, it smartly allied with Janata Dal (S) with 38 seats and staked claim to form Government.
It may be recalled that BJP in three states namely Goa, Manipur and Meghalaya was in similar position but formed governments by allying with other parties while the single largest party in these states was Congress. The Governor in all these states played very crucial role in formation of the governments. It goes without mentioning that the Governors in these states were former members of BJP.
In case of Karnataka, the Governor Vajubhai Vala not only accepted BJP claim but also gave enough rope to break the opposition to prove majority. But the opposition played smart and kept its members away from the sight of the BJP. And, the result was BJP’s failure to muster the required numbers. The Governor, left with no option was forced to invite Congress-JD(S) alliance to form Government.
There are several reasons for this debacle:
- The youth are in the age group of 18-30 and they are shunned from its roots and historical legacies such as freedom movements, thereby becoming more vulnerable to any irrational , illogical and jingoistic ideas,
- Parochial nationalism,
- Millions of dismayed unemployed youth
When the party came to power, the people were promised jobs but people are still waiting for that promise to be fulfilled. The unemployment has risen to over a million with another million losing employment.
Let us take a look of the various policies and programmes launched by the Modi Government and their results so far.
- Swachch Bharat was launched with much fanfare and symbolic idea of Gandhism
- Namami gangay
- prime minister foreign trip -world leader
- International yoga day
- ujwala yojana